[10], During the Heiji Rebellion (1160), the Seiwa Genji leader, Minamoto no Yoshitomo, died in battle. Yoshitsune and Benkei defending themselves in their boat during a storm created by the ghosts of conquered Taira warriors (by Utagawa Kuniyoshi), "Taira" redirects here. La nuova storia del clan Taira è un film giapponese del 1955, diretto da Kenji Mizoguchi, basato su un romanzo di Eiji Yoshikawa. Foreign fans can be found loitering at the Minamotos' graveyard in Kamakura -- but the Tairas rarely got a symphatetic stranger visiting them. Insieme al Minamoto, Taira era uno dei cognomi onorari dati dagli imperatori del periodo Heian ( 794 - 1185 d.C.) ai loro figli e nipoti che non erano considerati idonei al trono.. Il clan fu fondato quando la corte imperiale si ingrandì e l'imperatore ordinò che i discendenti del precedente imperatore, per troppe generazioni, non fossero più principi, ma ricevessero il cognome e l'onore. [2], The clan was founded when the Imperial Court grew too large, and the emperor ordered that the descendants of previous emperors from several generations ago would no longer be princes, but would instead be given commoner surnames and rank. Taira Nimmyō (Nimmyō Heishi, 仁明平氏) - descended from the princes, grandchildren of the 54th Emperor Nimmyō's lineage. White or transparent. [1], Along with the Minamoto, Taira was one of the honorary surnames given by the emperors of the Heian Period (794 - 1185 CE) to their children and grandchildren who were not considered eligible for the throne. Sasarindou (Bamboo leaves and Gentian flowers) of the Minamoto clan . Alternative Title: Heike family Taira Family, also called Heike, Japanese samurai (warrior) clan of great power and influence in the 12th century. 2. It is listed in the Shinsen shojiroku. Kiyomori sent Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147–1199), the third son of Yoshimoto, into exile. We print the highest quality taira stickers on the internet Login with Facebook Get up to 50% off. Il clan Taira (平氏 Taira-uji?, lettura kun'yomi) o Heishi (lettura on'yomi dei kanji precedenti), anche Heike (平家? Taira clan (平氏, Hei-shi?) Sua figlia Tokuno sposò Takakura, 80º imperatore del Giappone (1169-1180). Taira no Kiyomori gained power in Kyoto forging alliances with retired emperors Shirakawa and Toba. [4] Later, another member of this Taira no Kiyomori lineage created what was considered the first samurai government in the history of Japan. Taira no Kiyomori, son and heir of Tadamori, rose to the position of Daijō Daijin (great Minister of State), after his victories in the Hōgen Rebellion (1156) and the Heiji Rebellion (1160). The Taira (Heike) were the most powerful military clan in late Heian period (794-1185) Japan and for all intents and purposes, controlled just about every aspect of the affairs of state under its patriarch, Kiyomori. Shop taira stickers created by independent artists from around the globe. Wheel motif crest of the Genji clan. Later, the descendants of Emperor Nimmyo, Emperor Montoku and Emperor Koko also received the surname. In reference to Japanese history, along with Minamoto, Taira was a hereditary clan name bestowed by the emperors of the Heian period to certain ex-members of the imperial family when they became subjects. Un suo pronipote, Taira no Kiyomori, sostenne l'Imperatore Go-Shirakawa contro l'Imperatore claustrale Sutoku, sostenuto da suo padre Tadamasa, nella ribellione di Hōgen (1156). Styled after the swallowtail butterfly (揚羽蝶/agehachou) crest of the Taira clan: Nobunaga at some point claimed to have descended from the Taira clan by way of Taira no Chikazane. Hiei, and others, against the Taira, in a conflict which would come to be known as the Genpei War. Login with Gmail. Nel 1180 Kiyomori influenzò così la successione imperiale mettendo sul trono suo nipote Antoku, che era ancora un bambino; questo scatenò la guerra Genpei, della quale Kiyomori non vide la fine, in quanto morì nel 1181, e che il clan nel 1185 perse nella decisiva battaglia di Dan-no-ura. Pochi anni dopo la sua vittoria si schierò contro il clan Minamoto e al fianco dell'Imperatore Nijō nella ribellione di Heiji (1160); dopo questa vittoria fu nominato Daijō-daijin (gran ministro dello Stato) e il clan Taira divenne il più potente del Giappone. via Wikimedia Commons . The last leader of the Kanmu Heishi bloodline, was eventually destroyed by Minamoto no Yoritomo's armies at the Battle of Dan-no-ura, the last battle of the Genpei War. The Taira was one of the four most important samurai clans that dominated Japanese politics during the Heian Period of Japanese history - the others were the Fujiwara, the Tachibana in addition to the Minamoto. Another member of this family was Takamune-ō (804 - 867), the eldest son of Prince Imperial Kazurahara and grandson of Emperor Kanmu , who received the title of Taira no Ason in the year 825 . This clan's original whereabout was not very far from Kyoto. [3], Some grandchildren of Emperor Kanmu were the first to bear the name of Taira, after 825. Shop Taira Clan iPhone and Samsung Galaxy cases by independent artists and designers from around the world. The term \"Kamon\" refers to a crest used in Japan to indicate one's origins; that is, one's family lineage, blood line, ancestry and status from ancient times. In 1180, Yoritomo organized a large-scale rebellion against the rule of the Taira (the Genpei War or Taira-Minamoto), culminated with the destruction of the Taira by the Minamoto clan[11] and the subjugation of eastern Japan in five years. Japanese: ‘peace’. Members of the clan ruled Japan as shōguns from 1603 to 1867. The young Emperor Antoku is perched on the shoulder of a nobleman at right, who looks sternly out over the retainers and samurai seated around him. 4. These were important members of the Taira clan. The Taira (which means 'great folks') clan, whose banners are black-and-red, was founded by Takamochi, Lord Chamberlain of the Imperial Court, who could claim that the DNA of one of the most famous Emperors of Japan, Kuammu (782-805), reigning in his times, to be his, too. They nominally descended from Emperor Seiwa (850–880) and were a branch of the Minamoto clan (Seiwa Genji) through the Matsudaira clan.The early history of this clan remains a mystery. A warlord's clan preceded the Meiji to World War II flag: the Ryuzoji 's crest has already been featuring sunrays since 14th century. via Wikimedia Commons . The Tokugawa clan (徳川氏、德川氏, Tokugawa-shi or Tokugawa-uji) is a Japanese dynasty that was formerly a powerful daimyō family. Il primo a ricevere il kabane Taira no Ason fu nell'889 Taira no Takamochi, nipote dell'Imperatore Kammu, che è così ritenuto il fondatore della linea Kammu Heishi; a questi si aggiunsero i Ninmyō Heishi, i Montoku Heishi e i Kōkō Heishi. [5] A great grandson of Takamochi, Taira no Korihira, moved to Ise province (currently part of Mie Prefecture) and established an important Daimyo dynasty. The Taira clan had four main branches: Taira Kanmu (Kanmu Heishi, 桓武平氏) - descended from the princes, children of 50th Emperor Kanmu. For the next five years, the Minamoto and Taira battled over control of the country. It is used on the roof tiles of Shinto temples, on … Kamon are often referred to as Family Crests which are European heraldic device similar to the Kamon in function, but it is different in many ways. via Wikipedia . Maruni Hidari Sangaimatsu (Triple Pine Tree) of the Taira clan. The Oda clan at the time of Oda Nobunaga (1534 - 1582) also claimed Taira descent, they were descendants of Taira no Chikazane, grandson of Taira no Shigemori (1138 - 1179). Il clan Taira (平氏 Taira-uji?, lettura kun'yomi) o Heishi (lettura on'yomi dei kanji precedenti), anche Heike (平家? 3. For other uses, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taira_clan&oldid=986894376, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Taira Kanmu (Kanmu Heishi, 桓武平氏) - descended from the princes, children of 50th, Taira Nimmyō (Nimmyō Heishi, 仁明平氏) - descended from the princes, grandchildren of the 54th, Taira Montoku (Montoku Heishi, 文徳平氏) - descended from princes, children of 55th, Taira Kōkō (Kōkō Heishi, 光孝平氏) - descended from the princes, grandchildren of the 58th, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:49. In 1192, Minamoto no Yoritomo received the title shogun and created the first bakufu based in Kamakura (Kanagawa Prefecture). [2], The Kanmu Heishi line, founded in 889 by Taira no Takamochi (great-grandson of the 50th Emperor Kanmu, who reigned from 781 to 806) proved to be the strongest and most dominant line during the Heian period. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 22 lug 2020 alle 06:23. The crest that looks like 3 swirls, mitsudomoe, is the common crest in Japan. The Miura family (三浦氏, Miura-shi) was one of the branch families descended from the Taira clan.They held large fiefs, and retained great political influence. The specific hereditary lines of these emperors are referred to by the posthumous name of the emperor followed by Heishi, for example Kanmu Heishi. Un pronipote di Takamochi, Taira no Korihira, divenne daimyō della provincia di Ise. [7], This branch of the Kanmu Heishi had many other branches, including Hōjō, Chiba, Miura and Hatakeyama.[8][6]. Sebbene il clan Taira abbia considerevolmente perso di importanza con l'avvento del clan Minamoto, molti clan discendenti dei Kammu Heishi prosperarono; tra questi i clan Hōjō, Chiba e Miura, che essendosi alleati con i Minamoto nella guerra Genpei ottennero posizioni di estremo rilievo nello shogunato di Kamakura, e il clan Hatakeyama, che ottenne posizioni di prestigio nello shogunato Ashikaga. Together with the Fujiwara and Minamoto, this is one of the most prominent clans in Japanese history. The Taira clan are a noble clan of many great heroes as well as tyrants and are generally believed to be extinct throughout all of Japan. Be Unique. The decision became applicable during the reign of Emperor Kanmu (782-805) and thus, together with the Taira clan, the Minamoto clan was born. was a major Japanese clan of samurai in historical Japan. 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