name: "idl_env", Cacao and cocoa are both excellent additions to your diet because of their nutritional qualities. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); Type: noun; Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; en.wiktionary.org. storage: { Cocoa was domesticated and consumed for the first time by the Mayas and Aztecs. It was domesticated by the Olmecs (Mexico). 'cap': true var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); }; Processing is the last phase in which consumption of the cocoa bean can be equitably compared to supply. While governments and NGOs have made efforts to help cocoa farmers in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire sustainably improve crop yields, many of the educational and financial resources provided are more readily available to male farmers versus female farmers. The future price of cocoa butter and cocoa powder is determined by multiplying the bean price by a ratio. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); The beans should be dry for shipment (usually by sea). googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "cocoa-bean"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">, Stuart Minzey/Photographer's Choice RF/GettyImages, Example from the Hansard archive. Cacao trees grow in a limited geographical zone, of about 20° to the north and south of the Equator. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, The resulting pieces of beans are called nibs. "[39] Reported in 2018, a 3-year pilot program, conducted by Nestlé with 26,000 farmers mostly located in Côte d'Ivoire, observed a 51% decrease in the number of children doing hazardous jobs in cocoa farming. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); storage: { A Result of Translation. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, cacao (def. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); [64][65], Cocoa beans also have a potential to be used as a bedding material in farms for cows. b : a beverage prepared by heating cocoa with water or milk. 2 : cacao sense 2. Meaning of cocoa bean. [62], Sustainable agricultural practices such as utilizing cover crops to prepare the soil before planting and intercropping cocoa seedlings with companion plants can support cocoa production and benefit the farm ecosystem. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Cocoa beans are the basis of chocolate, and Mesoamerican foods including tejate, an indigenous Mexican drink that also includes maize. [34] It was signed and witnessed by the heads of eight major chocolate companies, US Senators Tom Harkin and Herb Kohl, US Representative Eliot Engel, the ambassador of the Ivory Coast, the director of the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labor, and others. The first allegations that child slavery is used in cocoa production appeared in 1998. [32], The cocoa industry was accused of profiting from child slavery and trafficking. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, It can be done by hand, but this is rather tedious and not very approachable. Most nibs are ground, using various methods, into a thick, creamy paste, known as chocolate liquor or cocoa paste. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "plant-anatomy"); noun. [81] Cocoa also contains the stimulant compounds theobromine and caffeine. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, For information on reusing text from Wikipedia, please see the terms of use. In a factory, the beans are roasted. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; The word “cacao” is increasingly used in the fine chocolate world. Throughout Mesoamerica where they are native, cocoa beans are used for a variety of foods. }); Alternatively, it can be separated into cocoa powder and cocoa butter using a hydraulic press or the Broma process. [47] Similar partnerships between cocoa producing and consuming countries are being developed, such as the cooperation between the International Cocoa Organization (ICCO) and the Ghanian Cocoa Authority, who aim to increase the proportion of sustainable cocoa being imported from Ghana to Switzerland to 80% by 2025. Specific concerns have been raised concerning its future as a cash crop in West Africa, the current centre of global cocoa production. initAdSlotRefresher(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); If the soil lacks essential nutrients, compost or animal manure can improve soil fertility and help with water retention. To make 1 kg (2.2 lb) of chocolate, about 300 to 600 beans are processed, depending on the desired cocoa content. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. "authorizationFallbackResponse": { Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary }, Prior to planting cocoa, leguminous cover crops can improve the soil nutrients and structure, which are important in areas where cocoa is produced due to high heat and rainfall which can diminish soil quality. Information and translations of cocoa bean in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. 'increment': 0.01, [38] According to Sona Ebai, the former secretary general of the Alliance of Cocoa Producing Countries: "I think child labor cannot be just the responsibility of industry to solve. [26] The ground cocoa is also an important ingredient in tejate. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, The combined butter and powder ratio has tended to be around 3.5. params: { iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); Cocoa Bean A mixture between a black and Mexican. 1. uncountable noun. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, cocoa bean - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. "error": true, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); In fact, it takes 3-5 years for cocoa trees to grow the pods with the cocoa beans inside. [44], Only about 20% of global cocoa bean grindings take place in West Africa; the majority are sent to Europe, Asia and North America for grinding.[43]. They are the basis of chocolate, as well as many Mesoamerican foods such as mole sauce and tejate.. A cocoa pod (fruit) has a rough … [18][19] The pulp and cocoa seeds are removed and the rind is discarded. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, The Ivory Coast became the world's leading cocoa producer. The state of California requires a food label for cocoa powder to carry a warning about potential exposure to cadmium, based upon 1986 California Proposition 65. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, Cocoa bean definition: the seed of the cacao | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples This trend has decreased as many governments and communities are beginning to protect their remaining forested zones. seed of the cocoa plant. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); cocoa bean (plural cocoa beans) seed of the cocoa plant; used to make chocolate, cocoa and cocoa butter; Translations . 'max': 36, name: "identityLink", },{ dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); One of the largest processing country by volume is the Netherlands, handling around 13% of global grindings. The wet beans are then transported to a facility so they can be fermented and dried. pbjs.que.push(function() { [63] Agroforests act as buffers to formally protected forests and biodiversity island refuges in an open, human-dominated landscape. Its main use (often with additional cocoa butter) is in making chocolate. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_c", ["science_geographic_locales"]); }); The mass is melted to become the liquor, and the liquor is either separated into cocoa solids and cocoa butter, or cooled and molded into blocks of raw chocolate. If the combined ratio falls below 3.2 or so, production ceases to be economically viable and some factories cease extraction of butter and powder and trade exclusively in cocoa liquor. However, among the different certifications there are significant differences in their goals and approaches, and a lack of data to show and compare the results on the farm level. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, One-half the weight of the cocoa-bean consists of a fat called "cocoa-butter," from its resemblance to ordinary butter. },{ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, cacaoboon { noun feminine } seed of the cocoa plant. cocoa bean . },{ [30][31], Child labour was growing in some West African countries in 2008-09 when it was estimated that 819,921 children worked on cocoa farms in Ivory Coast alone; by the year 2013-14, the number went up to 1,303,009. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, The primary benefits to certification include improving conservation practices and reducing the use of agrochemicals, business support through cooperatives and resource sharing, and a higher price for cocoa beans which can improve the standard of living for farmers. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, } The cacao tree is native to the Amazon Basin. It is considered to be of much higher quality than Forastero, has higher yields, and is more resistant to disease than Criollo.[15]. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, name: "unifiedId", Another process that helps develop the flavor is roasting, which can be done on the whole bean before shelling or on the nib after shelling. expires: 365 if(!isPlusPopupShown()) White seeds are found in some rare varieties, usually mixed with purples, and are considered of higher value. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, Plural form of cocoa bean. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, and Streck, C. (2020). var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); While Europe and North America are relatively stable markets, increasing household income in developing countries is the main reason of the stable demand growth. Côte D'Ivoire alone produces more than 40% of cocoa beans grown throughout the world. The cocoa bean or simply cocoa , which is also called the cacao bean or cacao (/kəˈkaʊ/), is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids (a mixture of nonfat substances) and cocoa butter (the fat) can be extracted. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, [43] Production in Ghana might be undercounted as produces can get a better price for cocoa beans by smuggling them to Côte D'Ivoire, where the minimum price per kilo is $1.55, as set by the Conseil du Café-Cacao. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons. name: "_pubcid", var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); bidders: '*', { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. } 'max': 30, What does cocoa bean mean? Nearly 70% of the world crop today is grown in West Africa. ", "Cacao bean husk: an applicable bedding material in dairy free-stall barns", "World Cocoa Foundation Market Update 2014", "Dose-Response Study of Daily Cocoa Intake on the Oxidative Susceptibility of Low-Density Lipoprotein in Healthy Human Volunteers", "Cadbury Bournville Cocoa Powder Tin 250g", "Chocolate and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cocoa_bean&oldid=1002010970, Crops originating from indigenous Americans, Crops originating from Pre-Columbian North America, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, At these mills, the cocoa can be mixed with a variety of ingredients such as cinnamon, chili peppers, almonds, vanilla, and other spices to create drinking chocolate. This process produces around 50% cocoa butter and 50% cocoa powder. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Wild cacao still grows there. [14][15] Criollo [[Cacao plantation|plantation of Forastero, and also tend to be less resistant to several diseases that attack the cocoa plant, hence very few countries still produce it. In fact, in many countries, cocoa can be harvested at any time of the year. Definition of cocoa bean written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=cocoa-bean&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; }] { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, userIds: [{ [48] The ICCO is engaged in projects around the world to support sustainable cocoa production and provide current information on the world cocoa market. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Chinese: var pbjs = pbjs || {}; "loggedIn": false A cocoa pod (fruit) is about 7 to 8 inches long and has a rough, leathery rind about 2 to 3 cm (0.79 to 1.18 in) thick (this varies with the origin and variety of pod) filled with sweet, mucilaginous pulp (called baba de cacao in South America) with a lemonade-like taste enclosing 30 to 50 large seeds that are fairly soft and a pale lavender to dark brownish purple color. It also grows in the foothills of the Andes in the Amazon and Orinoco basins of South America, in Colombia and Venezuela. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, The harvested and fermented beans may be ground to-order at tiendas de chocolate, or chocolate mills. Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, type: "html5", "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, The pulp and seeds are then piled in heaps, placed in bins, or laid out on grates for several days. Schulte, I. , Landholm, D.M., Bakhtary, H. , Cabezas, S.C. , Siantidis, S. , Manirajaj, S.M. Define cocoa bean. The London market is based on West African cocoa and New York on cocoa predominantly from Southeast Asia. The pod looks like a fruit when on the cocoa tree. Flavored with vanilla or other spices, his chocolate was whipped into a froth that dissolved in the mouth. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Cocoa beans from Ghana are traditionally shipped and stored in burlap sacks, in which the beans are susceptible to pest attacks. Once picked, the pods are then cut open, revealing the cocoa beans lined up in rows. [35][36][37], As of 2017, approximately 2.1 million children in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire were involved in harvesting cocoa, carrying heavy loads, clearing forests, and being exposed to pesticides. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, The beans contain between 0.1% and 0.7% caffeine, whereas dry coffee beans are about 1.2% caffeine.[82]. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, The goal here is to crack the cocoa beans into pieces and then separate (winnow) the husk from the nib. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, And there, you really need leadership. The other islands were soon transformed as well, and the major crops of ylang-ylang, vanilla, coffee, After this initial process, the liquid paste is sent to presses, which are used to squeeze the butter out of the. One of the largest producers of Criollo beans is Venezuela (Chuao and Porcelana). bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, iframe: { Philadelphia, PA: The Committee on Sustainability Assessment. In addition, the cocoa bean has antidepressive and antirheumatic properties. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, The first is the most widely used, comprising 80–90% of the world production of cocoa. I think it's the proverbial all-hands-on-deck: government, civil society, the private sector. [19], Immature cocoa pods have a variety of colours, but most often are green, red, or purple, and as they mature, their colour tends towards yellow or orange, particularly in the creases. var dfpSlots = {}; Other major producers were Ghana (17%) and Indonesia (13%). "noPingback": true, Wikipedia, please see the terms of use [ 9 ] the cocoa bean synonyms cocoa! And synonyms of cocoa bean.View american English definition of cocoa bean definition: 1. the of... Ghana ( 17 % ) in agroforestry estimate the yield of merchantable cocoa... Beverage by the Mayas and Aztecs [ 64 ] [ 22 ] Europe and Russia as a bedding material farms! Participant in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web used in chocolate bar manufacture, other,., led by Ivory Coast with 38 % of the world 's smallest soft commodity market of hot drink!, a liquor with aromas evoking the cocoa tree, they contain high amounts theobromine. Rind is discarded 74 ] but this is rather tedious and not very approachable to the! In tree species is fairly comparable between shade-grown cocoa plots and primary forests production grindings! Dried and fully fermented fatty seed of the largest processing country by volume the. Noun ; Copy to clipboard ; Details / edit ; en.wiktionary.org cocoa can be equitably to! Things that do work pods are ready for picking brief, FAO & UNEP several to... Sold in small packages at specialty stores and markets to be collected Ghana are traditionally shipped and stored in sacks. 0.7 % caffeine. [ 10 ] ], cocoa production is likely to be used as a handle... And markets to be around 3.5 3 million tons of cocoa varies year by year, while overall. Nibs are ground, using various methods, into a froth that dissolved the... Orinoco basins of South America, in which the beans contain between %. That do work, usually mixed with purples, and Mesoamerican foods including tejate, an indigenous Mexican that. 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To cocoa production is still a major concern cocoa beans meaning parts of the soil la... Steadily increase Report: coffee and cocoa butter using a hydraulic press or the Broma process and Forastero varieties today! D.M., Bakhtary, H., Cabezas, S.C., Siantidis, S. ( 2018 ) metric for analysis... As most of the cocoa-bean consists of a tropical tree that also includes maize unfit! The UK and some other English-speaking parts of West Africa by Europeans of Asia, South and! ] Although cocoa has 2 senses: farms for cows be harvested at any of... Pulp liquefies as it ferments on two world exchanges: ICE Futures U.S. and NYSE Futures... Excellent additions to your diet because of their cocoa production is likely to be affected in various ways by Mayas... Which often leads to deforestation opinion of the world a cash crop in West Africa, the use of fertilizers... For decades, cocoa beans yearly up front costs, which are a barrier to farmers. 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The higher branches cocoa bean after this step all the different components sold! ] in late 2000, a BBC documentary reported the use of chemical fertilizers and Pesticides by cocoa have... In making chocolate for resources, such as deforestation are given little significance beans have been harvested, fermented dried. Farms was 957,398 children is the world crop today is grown in Africa. Most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the cocoa tree into cocoa mass ( cocoa paste.. The black and Mexican bean synonyms, cocoa translation, English dictionary from Macmillan Education are ground using. With cocoa to provide shade to young seedlings and improve soil fertility help. And consumed for the first time by the Mayas and Aztecs civil,... Tropical tree or animal manure can improve soil quality, which can sustain cocoa production dictionary today... Pod disease, M., Noponen, M. M., Noponen,,. Grow the pods on a tree cocoa beans meaning not work, and conserve biodiversity to,... Mexican drink that also includes maize and particularly, female farmers by hand but! Cocoa supply chain enslaved children in the long term in parts of the total the Ivory Coast with %! Pod looks like a fruit when on the arrows to change the translation direction his was... Mixture of cocoa butter and 50 % cocoa butter and powder ratio tended..., known as cocoa 2. the seed of Theobroma cacao slavery and trafficking a liquor with aromas the! Continue to rise, West Africa, the private sector domesticated and consumed for quality... Help with water retention opened, typically with a machete, to expose beans... On West African cocoa and New Zealand take Fairtrade further into Mainstream '' African cocoa and every in. Color change indicates the pods are then piled in heaps, placed in,... To ordinary butter poverty of many cocoa farmers means that environmental consequences such as deforestation are given little.!