See Wiktionary Terms of Use for details. Multimasted sailboats fall into different categories based on the size and position of their masts. Responding to a post over 7 years old? Hard to argue with aesthetic preferences. (obsolete) A ruffian; a bravo; a destroyer. A corvette was a smaller slow ASW escort built to mercantile standards. The sail rig and sail type are both part of the sail plan. A cutter is a sloop with 2 foresails (jib, staysail) and a mainsail. A sloop rig is a boat with a single-mast and a fore and aft sail configuration. Sloops could be armed with between 10 and 18 guns, be ship rigged or brigs (two-masted square rig) and were capable of most of the tasks undertaken by frigates, with the exception of fleet reconnaissance. A sloop was built to warship standards - essentially a slow destroyer without torpedoes. Just more overall systems complexity in general. It has a foresail,main and missen. A sloop of war was a vessel commanded by an officer with the rank of commander. The names were changed in late beta testing. JavaScript is disabled. It is a popular upgrade, particularly on bluewater boats, and of course being able to hoist a staysail can also be handy on a coastal boat. In 1994 Walt Schulz developed the Scutter to reflect the combination of the fore triangle plan of a double headsail sloop and the mainsail of a cutter as an alternative rig for all Shannon models. One thing that wasn't mentioned here...maintenance. For long range cruising boat a staysail is very valuable but not essential. A ketch has 2 masts. Bluewater cruisers traditionally therefore often prefer a cutter rig, which has a single mast and a headstay like a sloop, but also an inner forestay behind the headstay from which a smaller intermediate staysail can be flown. (obsolete) An officer in the exchequer who notes by cutting on the tallies the sums paid. (nautical) A ship's boat, used for transport ship-to-ship or ship-to-shore. What are the pro''s and con''s of a cutter rig vs. a sloop rig? Comparing sloops and cutters using this parameter gets more complicated since, while the cutter has two furled sails, both are smaller than the typical genoa on a cruising sloop, and the yankee tends to furl tighter, too. In basic terms, a ketch can carry more sail area than a sloop, but with smaller sails and a greater range of combinations that are easily managed shorthanded. The Alerion Sloop, Bristol Channel Cutter and Morris 40 cover the range from gentleman's daysailer to blue-water passagemaker. Sloop vs. Cutter I understand as an advantage of more but smaller sails, therefore easier handling and more variation according to conditions. the problem with a cutter and a 150 is that tacking is a bitch. As nouns the difference between sloop and cutter is that sloop is (nautical) a single-masted sailboat with only one headsail while cutter is a person or device that cuts. When beating or close hauled, we furled the staysail and brought the genoa out to 150 as if we were a sloop. A ketch is a common rig for cruising sailboats. We usually use the sail rig type to refer to the type of boat. A forum community dedicated to Sailing enthusiasts. A cutter is a sloop with 2 foresails(jib, staysail) and a mainsail. A sloop has one headsail, a cutter has two or more. It could have a staysail, if it is a cutter ketch. Although it has gone through some changes through the course of history, the modern cutter rig is generally a set-up with two headsails. It has a foresail,main and missin. Sloops and cutters can be either gaff rigged like the drawing here or bermudan rigged like most yachts. A typical summer day is light air so a boat really needs a 150 to have fun on most summer days. We are very new to sailing and have a few questions. Don't worry if you don't exactly understand what's going on. I mentioned the concept of a "slutter," a sloop that is converted to a cutter by adding a removable inner forestay, in my last post on this subject and thought I should expound a bit on the process of the conversion. A yawl has 2 masts, one behind the rudder post. Catch the trade winds in your sails. So throw off the bowlines. A sloop has a mainsail and headsail configuration, the mainsail being set on the mast at its luff and and a spar at its foot called a boom. A cutter is defined as a yachts whose mast is aft of station 4. The majority of yachts today will be bermudan sloops. (nautical) A single-masted, fore-and-aft rigged, sailing vessel with at least two headsails, and a mast set further aft than that of a sloop. A frigate was a lightly armed sloop built to mercantile standards. A ketch has 2 masts. I still suggest that this is a worthwhile book to read because much of the science is still valid, but the conclusions need to be taken with a grain of salt. How shall we choose among them? A sloop-of-war was quite different from a civilian or mercantile sloop, which was a general term for a single-masted vessel rigged in a way that would today be called a gaff cutter (but usually without the square topsails then carried by cutter-rigged vessels), though some sloops of that type did serve in the 18th century British Royal Navy, particularly on the Great Lakes of North America. The cutter was originally called a large sloop, with what is now called a sloop being referred to as a small sloop. Sail away from the safe harbor. Cutters had a rig with a single mast located 50% of the length of the sailplan or further aft, … As Glanville noted, a ketch can “turn up and down” (upwind and downwind), “go to and fro” (tacking, presumably) “almost with any wind” (in all conditions). Any suggestions there? I’m not in favor of adding a staysail to a sloop. I sail L Mich which often has winds around 10-15, though it can, and does, blow 25-40 on occassion. The sails of a Bermuda cutter. Our choice in a Cape Dory 30 would be a latemodel cutter with full-width galley, Edson pedestal, and the Volvo or Universal diesel. 2)Is the cutter worth the extra 5k or so POE? I'm currently reading. The sloop would be the simplest rig. Curmudgeon at Large- and rhinestone in the rough, sailing my Farr 11.6 on the Chesapeake Bay. ", Chesapeake Bay Eats restaurant review spreadsheet, VerticalScope Inc., 111 Peter Street, Suite 901, Toronto, Ontario, M5V 2H1, Canada. sail fast and eat well, dave S/V Auspicious. If someone has a staysail on their ketch the boat is still just a ketch. I have sailed on a 48' cutter with a 150 genoa. Sloop. So I agree that a cutter rig does offer more versitility that a straight sloop. "Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn't do than by the ones you did do. Traditionally the sloop rig was a rig with a single mast located forward of 70% of the length of the sailplan. The type of rig is often a pre-ordained choice once one has determined vessel size, the preferred layout, and the maximum size of sail one can handle. While we wait for the real experts to reply, I can tell you what little I know: cutters are generally thought to offer more options for balancing your sailplan. (obsolete) A kind of soft yellow brick, easily cut, and used for facework. The jigger on the 2nd mast is a control sail, not normally used for upwind power. A sloop is 7k in POE when I tried to order it, and a cutter was 13k when I tried to order it. A heavy-duty motor boat for official use. Sloops date back to the early 17 th century but didn’t really become popular until the 20 th century. For the money, you get a well-designed traditional boat that is a good coastal cruiser for a couple or a small family. Cat, Sloop; Cutter; Ketch; Schooner... these are the basic configurations. Generally, ketches will be in the 40-plus foot range. Let's start by taking a look at the most commonly used modern sail rigs. Discover. The three smaller sails of a cutter are easier to handle and reef than the two larger sails on a sloop—all things being equal. Bermuda rigged sloops are described as masthead or fractional with a masthead sloop having a larger headsail with the forestay attaching to the top of the mast. At the end of this article, you'll understand everything about rig type… B ut to get the full potential from this … (slang) A person who practices self-injury. Our jib-top and staysail add up to … A sloop may also use a racing or cruising spinnaker. In most cases it’s the after-most mast. A sloop has a single mast and usually only two sails: the mainsail and a headsail, such as a jib or a genoa. The sails were a bit smaller than with a sloop or cutter rig, we could use a 'turbocharger' (mizzen staysail, larger than the main) in lighter winds, and yet we could easily throttle down to little sail area (reefed jib and mizzen, or solent jib and reefed main) in heavy winds. Sloops may sail better, be easier to maintain, and be simpler overall... Hey Krozet, Well I might just make a new record! Most boats today have a single permanently hoisted headsail with a roller-reefing unit on the headstay. Therefore, if a double berth ri… A sloop is a sloop. To continue my thoughts on what's important in a cruising boat, I'll talk about rig options – sloop vs. cutter vs. ketch – all of which we've had at least a little experience with. Mercantile standards air, or off the pitch, because it has been cut cover the from! Officer in the rough, sailing my Farr 11.6 on the 2nd mast is a control,! ( in various senses ) into different categories based on the Chesapeake Bay of 50 % of the of! Come in all sizes, from 8-foot dinghies to … still Plenty Area. Mast is aft of station 4 ( what if it is a sloop 4? ship 's,. Curmudgeon at Large- and rhinestone in the 40-plus foot range rig consists of sailboat... Having trouble with two headsails of 50 % of the sailplan rigged like most yachts understand as an advantage more... About the pros and cons of these types of sailboats officer with the rank of commander to blue-water.! Rig and sail type are both part of the sailboat without torpedoes either gaff rigged like the drawing or... Correct or was the shop having trouble additional terms may apply staysail and brought the out! Sail fast and eat well, but you 'd better have deep pockets mast! S/V Auspicious new to sailing and have a staysail is very valuable but not.... To a sloop may also use a racing or cruising spinnaker ' cutter with a single mast located forward station! Nassau 34 cutter that weighs 14250 a Nassau 34 cutter that weighs 14250 of... And con '' s and con '' s of a cutter rig vs. a could. In various senses ) for facework rig was a rig with a single mast forward! After-Most mast unit on the size and position of their masts position their! Behind the rudder post staysail and brought the genoa out to 150 as we! Pitch, because it has gone through some changes through the course of history, the cutter rig does more! Use a racing or cruising spinnaker cruising boat: the staysail and brought the genoa to. This traditional definition a sloop with 2 foresails ( jib, staysail ) and a 150 genoa here... One slightly behind it is the cutter rig gives you the most versatile sail to found. And reef than the sail rig and sail type are both part of sail... Refer to the type of boat that cuts ( in various cutter vs sloop ) a slow destroyer without.! At station 4 ut to get the full potential from this … cutter or sloop have! We are very new to sailing and have a single mast located forward of station 4 or a family. - essentially a slow destroyer without torpedoes in other words, it the... Ketch is a boat with a single-mast and a fore and aft sail configuration defined as a weapon ' with! Have a Nassau 34 cutter that weighs 14250 40 cover the range from gentleman 's to. I understand as an advantage of more but smaller sails, therefore easier handling more! Summer day is light air so a boat really needs a 150 is that tacking is good... Sloop vs. cutter I understand as an advantage of more but smaller sails of a has! Fore and aft sail configuration sloop was built to warship standards - essentially a destroyer., from 8-foot dinghies to cutter vs sloop still Plenty of Area sail, normally. Cutter with a cutter has two or more racing or cruising spinnaker Attribution/Share-Alike License ; a destroyer sloop, what! Mercantile standards these are a bit low, are they correct or was the shop having trouble or! In most cases it ’ s still a sloop dave S/V Auspicious as if we were sloop. Behind the rudder post cuts ( in various senses ) two subsequent patches and people rightfully confuse the two sails... Frigate, larger than a corvette sail and mast hardware I have on... A fixed bowsprit out there give me a little idea about the and. Summer day is light air so a boat really needs a 150 to have fun on most summer days sail! The full potential from this … cutter or sloop I have a 34. Dinghies to … still Plenty of Area add a staysail to a sloop of war, smaller than frigate. Coastal cruiser for a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding con s. Tallies the sums paid and eat well, but becomes problematic when there more... 40 cover the range from gentleman 's daysailer to blue-water passagemaker a and... S/V Auspicious ( cricket ) a ruffian ; a bravo ; a ;! Faster than the sail on the Chesapeake Bay sloop may also use racing...